Bees Wax – The Oxbow Episode 7
Things talked about in this episode:
Telling of the Bees painting by Hans Thoma
The Tears of Re: Beekeeping in Ancient Egypt by Gene Kritsky
Honey From A Weed by Patience Gray
Comparative Dictionary of Classical Indo European Languages: Indo-European, Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin
Here is a very rough transcript for your reading pleasure.
[00:00:42] Hello, and welcome to another episode of the Oxbow. I’m Matthew Stillman here with you today, and it is still an absolute mystery of how to start these podcasts. I sort of know, you know, I got the envelope picked up. Um, who’s to say, I mean, roasted a really good chicken the other day. That was pretty good and falls in full swing.
[00:01:18] So there’s that. Trying to keep good company, you know, try to keep it all going. Uh, all right. Let’s I picked out, uh, an envelope that was sent to me from another friend in Ottawa, which is so kind to have friends up there. It’s a blue envelope, but it’s, I pick this one cause it was sick. Um, And, you know, it’s not, of course isn’t exactly true.
[00:01:46] But then there was a time when you got a thick envelope and you were in high school and you thought like, oh my God, this is maybe my future. This is what college might mean to me. So I sort of had a little notion of, oh, it’s nice to have a thick envelope, so let’s give it a whirl. See what’s in here.
[00:02:16] All right inside, sort of like a Tiffany blue tissue paper inside item.
[00:02:36] Why is this honeycomb? Is this bee’s wax. It really looks like it. It’s I think it’s been crushed by the mail. Oh yeah. It’s absolutely bees wax slash honeycomb. Wow. It smells really good. I of don’t know where this is from. I’ll try this. It’s mostly wax, not a lot of honey in there. Maybe some propolis. Yeah.
[00:03:13] That’s waxy for sure. But you can see, I mean, it’s a
[00:03:22] waxy for sure. It does smell amazing. Uh, the, the comb is flattened, but not. You can still see the, the hexagonal parcels in there. And the, uh, the sections are, are brown with sort of like a, maybe like a 10 flex in between, but there are sort of glistening. If you hold them up to the light, you can sort of see they’re almost these thin membranes are almost iridescent in between these sort of golden brown and dark brown bits.
[00:04:02] Um, yeah, it really does not taste that sweet, but obviously at one point it was because you can smell it for sure. Um, well, bees, wax, um, that’s so cool. Now I have like a little crumble, the bees wax on my computer over here. Um, well, there’s lots of things to say about bees and honey and.
[00:04:29] Let’s start maybe. Ooh. You know what? Oh yeah. I’ve got a bunch of things are coming to mind here where to start. Okay. I guess the thing that comes to mind first, at least the first thing that I’ll say is of course the, the classic, I don’t know how classic this is. Do people know about telling of the BS?
[00:04:56] They’re at this really old tradition, uh, from certainly your, maybe it’s in other places in the world. I don’t know that for sure, but I’m very sure that it’s a very old tradition in Europe. That’s called the telling of the bees. And you were supposed to talk to your beehive when someone died or when some calamity happened.
[00:05:20] And I think part of the purpose of that. That somehow there was this old sense that bees are somehow aligned with, with souls. Um, and I think that’s related to honey being sweet and not knowing where bees came from. Exactly that they lived in hives. They’re, they’re sort of like this mysterious figure that sort of transformed things from flowers into.
[00:05:53] And somehow the soul being sweet and the divine being sweet, they sort of get mixed up in that mythology. I’m not really sure about, you know, all the origins of that, but that’s sort of like my, my rough feeling about, but the telling of the bees is this really old tradition where you speak out loud to these insects.
[00:06:14] Um, and in some ways it’s like, it’s a very beautiful. Kind of a prayer of, uh, of an auction of a prayer that there’s, that it’s spoken out loud and that it’s spoken to someone who’s not you, that couldn’t receive them and somehow do something about the, to help you metabolize them. Um, and that’s there a famous painting by a God.
[00:06:49] I can find this Hans Thoma. There it is. Oh, this is a beautiful painting. I’ll put this in the show notes hands and it says. There was a time where almost every rural, British family who kept these follow the strict cut off here, this painting is very pretty. Um, oh yeah, it says on this painting that it has a little, uh, inscription that says, uh, fissile, Dulce exasperation sweeter after difficulties and a tiny beat gathers nectar from fiscals and makes honey from it.
[00:07:41] Um, so that’s part. Oh, this is, oh yeah, here it is. It’s not Wikipedia telling us. The bees is a traditional custom of many European countries in which bees would be told of important events in our keepers lives such as births, marriages, or departures and returns in the household. If the custom was admitted or forgotten, and the bees were not put into morning, quote unquote, then it was believed that a penalty would be paid such as the bees leaving their hive, stopping the production of honey or dying.
[00:08:13] Uh, little is known about the origin of this practice. Although there were some unfounded speculation. That’s loosely derived from, or perhaps inspired by ancient G and notions about B’s ability to bridge the natural world with the afterlife, with the spirit world. There you go. Um, the customer is best known in England, but has also been recorded in Ireland, Wales, Germany, Netherland, France, Switzerland Bohemia, and the United States.
[00:08:40] But that’s gotta be from immigrants from that, from those parts of the world. One Lincolnshire report from the mid 19th century notes at all weddings and funerals, they gave a piece of wedding cake or funeral biscuit to the bees, informing them at the same time of the name of the partly married or dead.
[00:08:59] If the bees do not know the former, they become very irate and sting everybody within their reach. And if they’re ignorant of the ladder, it becomes sick. And many of them do. This is amazing. Uh, okay. So I had a rough idea, but they’re, here’s more, um, somehow there’s this ancestral remembering, remembering, and memory of how the non-human world is somehow critical and in some ways, part of the maintenance of our world and the spirit world, that’s pretty.
[00:09:40] Remarkable, I think to have that sort of in your architecture of the way that you understand the world, but it says here that it’s an engine G in notion, but I think, um, that it’s, I would bet my money. Egyptian. And here’s why I have a book, um, called the tears of RA, which is sort of about this. And it is upstairs.
[00:10:10] It’ll take me a minute to find out. Um, I’ll give you some B music too. I’m not gonna play flight of the bumblebee because that’s too obvious. I have no idea what to look for B music. I do not want music be. The ultimate music manager and player, and then maybe I do it. What do I know? But, um, music made with bees.
[00:10:36] Sure. Music made with bees. I wanted to see how far I could take the recording of the piece in the realm of. The beef produces 200 to 230 flaps per second, which is enough to generate a nice rich sounding buzz. I recorded a bunch of BS sounds and manipulate them through a variety of tools. Let’s see.
[00:11:04] I’ll put this in the show notes.
[00:11:16] Okay. You listened to this and I’m going to go get the tears of Rob by somebody.
[00:12:35] Okay. Um, I’m back up. That was interesting. Um, all right. Uh, problem. I mean, not the worst problem in the world, but couldn’t find tears of raw, which maybe I lend that to someone or. I mean, I knew exactly where it was and it just wasn’t there. Um, and I didn’t want to like look forever, but it’s not a book that I look at often.
[00:13:05] Okay. So here’s the book. I’ll put this in the show notes too. Um, it talks about you with the history of, of Egyptian beekeeping. The thing that I remember most about it, um, besides the fact that it was really impressive and very scholarly, um, which is something I always appreciate in a book. Is that it talked about the history of the, uh, the offerings that were made to be used and how there’s still a remnant of that in modern beekeeping.
[00:13:38] And that the ancient Egyptians would burn incense as an offering to the bees, considering them to be.
[00:13:47] Related to RA the sun. The honey was considered to be the tiers of RA that. So there was this divine connection, again, that in the Egyptian world, these were a bridge between life and death as well and life in the spirit world. But they’d make these offerings of incense and, and fragrant herbs. And. Balms and things like that.
[00:14:16] And the, the bees would be calmed by that. And they took that as a sign of their offerings being propitious, and that they could take the honey or that the bee gods would be pleased, et cetera. And that shows up as that beekeepers today still use smoke as a way to calm the bees. So the fact that there’s this ancient, uh, Sort of like this digital devotional practice of making an offering to be that still shows up is to me, like, um, connects the line, even though I don’t know about that bridge between Egypt and the Aegean about bees in the spirit world and making an offering to these insects, which would have been seen as a kind of God or in certainly they’re doing the function of the divine.
[00:15:05] So that’s really cool. I think. Tiers of raw. I don’t remember the author, but I’ll find it out. But when I was looking for it, I came upon another book which is related. And my God, I love this book so much. I’ve not looked at this book or read this book in years, but I’ve read it many times. It’s called honey for movied patients, gray fasting and feasting in Tuscany, Catalonia, the securities and approved.
[00:15:35] This book is outrageous. I mean, it’s one of the best food writing books maybe ever, uh, and an incredible travel log as well. Um, patients gray, um, who wrote a famous fifties cookbook called plucked Azure. Um, but this is like her own. Autobiography of a couple of years, once you sort of, sort of bopped around the Mediterranean and cooked and sort of like took lovers and, uh, live the rural life, her, she was English and her writing is just so crisp and clear and so vividly Stony only of the place.
[00:16:24] Um, Wherever she happens to be, and her recipes are so conversational. Um, I mean just opened up randomly here to, um, to grilled sardines. And here’s the recipe, um, sardines, Abruzzo this grilled sardines. I get the catalog version being less familiar. You need a double grill with handles seven ounces of sardines per person.
[00:16:50] 200 grams time. Rosemary. The head gut scaled, a little fish, preferably under a running top or a stream, and then run your thumb down each cavity with a pinching movement, gingerly drawing out the backbone, starting at the head end so that you can open the fish without splitting it into you. Stop short of the tail.
[00:17:11] A little practice in this operation is simplicity itself, dry on absorbent paper, and then sprinkle the exposed area with powdered time Rosemary and a few drops of. Set the prepared fish neatly within the doubled grill, folded and secured grill rapidly over the flames of an outdoor fire for a few minutes on each side, serve with oil and wine vinegar.
[00:17:33] For those who want them fresh anchovies can be grilled in exactly the same way. I mean, just so simple. Um, and
[00:17:46] the, her live her life. There is hardscrabble. It’s very poor. But her whole time there ends up being honey from a weed. Um, yeah, it’s a remarkable, remarkable book. Um, and if you just want to sort of know what it’s like to live a simple life in that part of the world with old tools and stories, just sort of stitching between, I mean, honey, from a weed, you couldn’t ask for a better.
[00:18:18] A better venture into this part of the world. I mean, it’s just so good. I love it. Incredible gift to give to someone from that part of the world to, um, or someone who loves that part of the world. Okay. Telling the bees, she is tears of raw. I mean, that also makes me think about SamSam and from the Bible, there was not famous.
[00:18:46] Oh, oh God. A couple of things are coming into my head. Um, okay, well, let’s do Samsung first. So Samsung, uh, if you don’t recall, your Bible stories has this incredible moment where he kills a lion and the next day the lion’s mouth is full of honeycomb and bees and honey. And then. Eats it shares it with his parents.
[00:19:17] I think I’m almost sure that, and then he,
[00:19:25] and then this goes into the riddle of Samson, um, right. Okay. This is distant memory for me, but there’s a famous riddle from the Bible. I think maybe it’s the only riddle of the Bible. I’m not sure about this. But it’s something like a sweetness from the strong that’s fine. Good sweetness from the strong Samson’s riddled,
[00:19:56] Samson’s riddle, but appears in the biblical narrative about Samson, which we drew to 30 Philistine guests, right? The riddle it can be found in judges 4, 14, 14 out of the eater, something to eat out of the strong. Right. So there’s this, uh, there’s this bet with these 30 Philistine guests, and then he gets into this riddle for something.
[00:20:24] And then this woman, uh, betray a Sampson. Who’s not Delilah. She shows up later in the story and get to the answer and then tells, um, in a sneaky way and then gets the. It tells the Philistines and then Samson loses the bet. Um, the waitress prize was 30 shock, soft undershirts. Um, and then Samsung slew, the 30 Philistine men to pay the terms.
[00:20:58] Samson’s rental is interwoven with a narrative about the Samson and the woman from Timnah. The narrative appears in chapters 14 and 15 in the book of judges and as part of the Samson cycle, um, spanning chapters 13 to 16, although his birth is earlier on there, um, in judges, the first part of the narrative and the chapter includes the riddle.
[00:21:20] And there were several difficulties in the text, especially concerning Samson’s parents involvement in the phases, proceeding the wedding and concerning chronological aspects and the description of the feast and the. Um, so yeah, I see kill the lion sees a swarm of bees that have created a hive in the carcass, Samsung collect honey from the hive for himself and his parents not telling them or anyone else about the source of the honey.
[00:21:48] The incident with the line became the separate with the riddle that Sampson posed to his 30 Philistine guests in the feast. Samsung promise to give the Philistines 30 expensive garments. If they solve the riddle within the seven days or else they don’t solve the riddle, they’ll give them such garments.
[00:22:05] The Philistine two couldn’t solve the riddle fairly threatened Samson’s wife. So she would tell them the answer and the wife beg Sampson to tell her the answer until he did so. And then she told the answer to the Philistines who told it the Samson, what is sweeter than honey? What is stronger than a lion?
[00:22:21] Got it. Okay.
[00:22:26] And then there’s like this whole like exit Jesus about what all these things mean. Scholars suggest that parallels to the motif of bees nesting and the lion’s carcass in this context, one frequently mentioned that the alleged ritual of bagonia oh yeah, the bagonia this is, I’ve known about this. This is raising bees in a cow’s carcass, which is described in Greek and Roman literary sources, um, in right.
[00:22:52] It says here in virtual to Georgia, I was just reading virtuals Georgics the other day. Uh, where was that? Hold on a second. This is like close by. Um,
[00:23:06] okay. This is so cool. Um, on this sort of weird of actually like sits around and is like, Hey, you know, if you looked at the Georgia in awhile, um, if you don’t know Virgil, um, classic Roman writer for a century or so, um, That sounds about right. And the Georgics were just sort of like his reflections on agricultural things, like nature things, and there’s lots of beautiful writing in it.
[00:23:36] Um, sections of it show up in,
[00:23:42] in the, um, the needed parts of the India show up in the Gore-Tex. I forgot. Anyway, um, Let’s find,
[00:23:56] um, Virgil Georgics. Okay. Here we are. When the last of the sunlight goes and shadows, stretching from the shade of trees and bushes long headroom. Joined up together to invade wild grasses and the flat pastor turning from shadow. And tonight, then the is scattered foreign near take notice and start on their flight back to those walls and roofs.
[00:24:29] They know beehives where their small bodies rest between dark and Dawn. The. Over the threshold, noisy, fast massing and hundreds at the doors and poor past into their close cells, framing, chambers, and corridors, or the last of the daylight fails sleep, silences the working hive and leaves it quiet as the grave.
[00:24:55] Beautiful. Yeah, that’s the book for, um, So it’s very, very beautiful. So yeah, there’s this begonia thing. Is this the old notion that bees like to live in side of caverns and containers and select just like crazy, like ox sacrificing. Method that would allow you to generate BS. And then I think there’s other ones that were like, you could do the same thing with a horse and you get wasps or Hornets or something.
[00:25:33] It’s very weird. Um, yeah, old people thought in old days, people thought some strange things, which, you know, it must’ve been some kind of understanding the best to take advantage. I would guess. I mean, I guess this connects again, the views to the life and death that animals have to be sacrificed to get B’s, but there’s something about, um, this bull Gonia story that Virgil talks about, but these are somehow connected to the, the death of in Greek mythology.
[00:26:14] And I think the story goes something like. There’s the God of beekeeping, who I forgot his name, be God. Um, and then he loses all his BS because of some sickness. I don’t remember these stories. Anyway, he gets upset inside about this. Cause he’s the begotten doesn’t have any heavy BS and he talks to Proteus, I think.
[00:26:45] And then. Oh, yeah, it’s Proteus. And then the Proteus says that he lost the bees as punishment for his involvement, with the death of . How did this go? Right. So he like many Greek gods was chasing Rustici, um, because he was interested in her. Um, and then your written. Was running and then got bitten by a steak that she stepped on, which led her to die, which then led, or if he has to go follow her into the underworld and then try to tame the, uh, all of the underworld with his song and with his beautiful music, he convinced.
[00:27:41] Haiti is to let her go. If he could follow the one instruction to not look back. And as he was close to the top, he did. And then he mourned forever because he lost her because his lack of faith so that the bees are somehow like, involved with that. And so that was the punishment. And then, so in order to make up for this are the.
[00:28:04] The beekeeping God had to slaughter an ox to do this bagonia thing, to get his bees back so he could keep on doing B stuff. So I think that’s, I think that’s the origin of the story of this begonia thing. Um, weird, weird for sure. Yeah, that’s a lot,
[00:28:26] I guess another thing I think about with these wax, of course, as the hexagon is the sixes. And hexagons are, I think are very, very, very simple geometric construction. Um, I mean, I gotta think it’s, it’s one of the simplest, I mean, you just, you draw two intersecting circles where there re where the perimeters intersect the radius at the, not the radius.
[00:28:58] Intersect with the centers of the other, you get this sort of, um, almond shape. What’s called a and then you’d take the compass and you take it from the, uh, with the, the radius and use, walk it around and you’ll get six. And then you just connect the lines. You’ve got this beautiful little ex-con, but hexagon stack.
[00:29:20] Perfectly you, of course you got snowflakes are based on hexagons on six water molecules, um, and graphite stocks in and slides off easily because it’s in hexagons. And then bubbles can collect in hexagons as well. You know, five around, um, one in the. So those look, this natural stocking quality for the sixes.
[00:29:45] They, the way they tile is, is actually more efficient for taking up space than any of the simple shapes. So there’s something about the geometry of the six of the hexagon parts. It’s very efficient, which is why bees use that. Although it’s not maybe not a conscious choice of the, maybe it is. But there’s something very efficient about that particular construction.
[00:30:11] It’s very strong. It doesn’t need a lot of material. I think the there’s some amazing, um, ratio. That’s something like one ounce of beeswax can hold four pounds of honey or something like that. But there’s something in the architecture of living things. That’s has sickness in it that has something to do with life and death.
[00:30:36] Um, and that bridging to the spirit world. And then of course, you know, um, the there’s 12, um, there’s 12, uh, nucleotides, uh, in each turn of DNA. And so that means for every half turn, there are six. And then of course, 12, you know, there’s 12. Uh, ours in a half day. So there’s sixes are related to all these big measurements of time as well.
[00:31:08] So you’d have, you know, 12 signs in the Zodiacs of six, you know, get the double to 12. Um, and of course the Babylonians worked in base 60. So six is related to the time and all these big mysteries and I’m sure the ancients knew. Somehow stitched all these things together. And that’s why these B as in honey and wax would be all connected somehow.
[00:31:39] Ooh, which also reminds me about wax. Here’s here’s a, a beautiful, but not true. And I’m ology to folk etymology about the word sincere and.
[00:31:57] So sincere, which, you know, we’re, we all know is came from an architectural term. This is, again, this is not true. Um, but it’s there. It’s how do I, how do you tell the story, but saying that it’s not true. All right. Here’s the way that the folk etymology goes. There was a, there was a time in ancient Rome where marble was the.
[00:32:23] Construction tool of the day. And there’s two different types of, uh, marble, um, there’s trust every marble. And then there’s like workman’s marble and cost. Every marble is the really expensive stuff. Uh, use it for sculpting or use it for clotting, but it’s not as strong. It’s a much more, um, easily fractured the stronger marble.
[00:32:49] Um, And this part is true, that there were different types of MARPOL that they did, uh, use these things for that, which is why any good folk optimologist sort of has a ring of truth to it. But this cheaper marble is stronger, but it’s full of pockmarks and holes. And so you’d build buildings out of it, but you want it to look beautiful.
[00:33:11] You would have to fill it with Y. And you didn’t want to spend the money on the clotting so you could fill it with wax. So that would look like it was more expensive than it was. And so when you’d go to the quarry, you would go and ask for your Marvel to be sitting. Sarah and sin means without, and Sarah means wax and Latin.
[00:33:34] And so there’s this etymology that says that’s what it means. And so there’s this very beautiful, poetic sense. That to be strong is actually to show your, uh, your holes in your pockmarks and to be without wax and to not to be open like that. And it’s very beautiful and you can sort of tell you can gussy it up, but it’s a folk at emoji and.
[00:33:59] It’s related to wax and it’s related to bees and I just chewed a whole bunch of wax. So that showed up too. I’m not, I’m just got all sorts of stuff here. I guess I would, maybe the last thing I’d say is this is thinking about all, this
[00:34:20] is the word Mead and need is a very, very old one. It’s one of these words, that’s what we know where it’s from in the new European tradition. It’s just one of these words that has remained very, very unchanged for almost its entire life. Um, it goes all the way back to, to Sanskrit, into pro, to under European, where the word is made, who, um, All over the new European language families, the word Mead sounds a lot like Mead.
[00:34:58] And if you don’t know, Mead is an alcoholic drink that is made from honey. Now, the way this was probably first made was from honey, from a hive, dripping into a hollow of a tree where water had collected and. The scent would have been unmistakable and it would have been a unique, mysterious thing, but of course, that sort of relates to the bull Gonia thing, but like somehow, like the caverns where honey and bees happened.
[00:35:35] That’s really interesting. I hadn’t thought of that. Anyway, here. So meet with this mysterious thing that would happen to sometimes. And of course, people I’m sure, figured that out and would maybe make their own, but to find me in the wild would have been a bewildering, amazing thing to have the gods give you this God that would give you this liquid God that would intoxicate you.
[00:36:05] Must’ve just been an absolutely spinning account. But here’s where I want to go with this, which I think maybe stitches some of these things together is that when you do at homology and you push it back, you know what some of the root words mean, but when you get to just on the other side of pro to under European too, before that there’s really good evidence, that individual sounds had meanings.
[00:36:38] And there’s no, I love this dictionary. The comparative etymological dictionary of classical Indo-European languages into European sounds good. Greek and Latin. Um, my friend, girlfriend ditch. I love this book so much. Um, but the letter M the sound. Means to be on the, on the border between life and death.
[00:37:05] And I’ll just give you a few examples of it. Let’s see. But you worked like mother and meter and measure, um, and magic. Um, let me just read you this thing. So, so good. It’s 3 81.
[00:37:26] Limit Amma’s limit everything that exists in the world has a limit and a measure to represent these notions in new Europeans chose the sound of the continent AMA and from this was constructed the verb route ma to measure and from mark in terms of matter, um, or rather substance defined by a limit measure.
[00:37:51] That is what determines. Mother or rather she who deal with the limits of human life. Here’s a comparison of a series of words from the classical and new European languages that derived from this route. So in Sanskrit, it’s mater in Latin it’s Matera and then Greek it’s Mae terror, which all means mother.
[00:38:11] And then in sanscript mantra measure, measure in Latin and Metron into measure in Greek and then. You have the word must in Sanskrit, meaning month in Latin, you have meant us, which means month. And then in Greek you have minnows, which means month in Latin and Greek. The meaning of the ma to measure develops in a moral and mental sense into the forms of men and mud and the men.
[00:38:42] And express the concepts of, to deal with, or to take care of oneself and to medicate and as well as that, which is reflecting and studying or meditating, these terms came to be according to the following correspondence. And then when it goes on, we have this notion of limit and being us on her, on the boundary between life and death.
[00:39:01] Um, and it goes into more. Words here. I try and think of some good ones here or looking at them, looking at them. Yeah. I like this word, um, in Sam’s court is, is ma which means to exalt or to magnify. And then in Greek that’s. Larger big. And then in Latin, not the Magnus and then the Maus to expand the limit of, to make large or to exalt.
[00:39:38] And then there’s other words like that. Um, so I’d like it, that M word with, with Mead because the meat would have been at the limit of the boundaries between life and death of the spirit world of what the gods are. And so, yeah, there’s so much to say about all this, but I guess all at all, that this bees wax is a reminder of the living connection between humans and.
[00:40:19] The living world and maybe the spirit world and how we’ve been fed by that and how we organize ourselves and our prayers. And our day is longing for a kind of sweetness that would be, uh, a proper limit for how far we can go in our days in our, our good in the world. Not that there’s, um, shouldn’t be an attempt to, to push that, but it’s a type of place to gather that.
[00:40:47] And to be gathered by the bees. And there are six sided prayers for all of us. If we’re willing to feed them with our longings, I don’t speak to the natural world enough and not saying that you should, or that I should, but it’s something that most certainly in the architecture for a long time,
[00:41:14] these wax. Thank you to Ottawa for sending that pretty interesting to circle around all that. Well, let’s finish up with how we always finish up. Oh, reading from home ground language for an American landscape, and the word is lagoon lagoon, shallow body of water located adjacent to a larger. Such as a river lake or ocean yet partly separated from it by a thin strip of land is known as the lagoon.
[00:41:52] The separating barrier may be a sand bank, reef barrier island, or spit lagoons related to coral reefs occur in two forms. One is situated between the barrier reef and the coast, and can be of almost any shape. The other is found within an atoll, the circular reef within the Laguna, that center. Tourism brochures have strongly linked to term to faraway tropical places like coconut Laguna and Kerala India, or any of the classic half-moon reef lagoons of the Pacific atolls.
[00:42:24] This may ode to the fact that marooned and lagoon rhyme so nicely in the poetry of getaway. Notable American. The goons include the shallow indentations along the south shore of new York’s long island flanked by dunes and the coastal lagoons around Cisco, Cisco, Alaska prized by sea kayakers for watching gray whales river lagoons and the American Heartland.
[00:42:48] Commonly sheltered natural wonders as described by Willa catheter and oh pioneers quote, the Berkson wagon skirted the margin of the wild lagoon. Where the golden Coreopsis grew up out of the margin of why the dunes or this golden Coreopsis grew up out of the clear water and the wild ducks rose with a word of wings and lagoons have long offered coveted shelter for human settlements logos, the Nigerian Capitol derives its name from the Portuguese word for the goon.
[00:43:21] That’s another episode. Thanks so much for listening until soon.